Key Indicators for Cardamon Mountains

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1. From Mountains to Mangroves

The Cardamom Mountains landscape is extremely diverse, ranging from evergreen forest in the mountains to large mangrove areas along the coast.

2. High Level of Endemism

The Cardamom Mountains have one of the highest levels of endemism in the GMS, including many threatened species such as the Siamese Crocodile.

3. Southern Coastal Corridor

Road 48 is being upgraded to connect the industrial and trade hubs in the Chao Praya and the Mekong deltas. Large concessions as well as smaller-scale land grabbing are increasingly encroaching into and fragmenting the forest.

4. Cambodia's only Sea Port

Sihanoukville is Cambodia's only sea port and export hub and is within one hour's drive of the Cardamom Mountain forests. This proximity significantly increases pressure on precious woods and endangered species.

5. Value Recognized

A large part of the area is protected by national parks (3), wildlife sanctuaries (3) and protected forests (2). Law enforcement and proper land use planning and management remains a challenge and compromises several of the protected areas.

6. Bridging the Gap

The mountain forests in the north are facing disconnection from the lowland forests and mangroves in the south. CEP established a biodiversity corridor to reconnect the area, which is now being upscaled with the help of a US$ 20 million grant provided by the ADB.

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Quick Facts

People and economy

Indicator Year
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 20091,765,830 hectares
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 200917,658 sq.km
Population 2010331,321 people
Population density (average) 201019 people per sq.km
Population density (highest) 20108,114 people per sq.km

Environment and Natural Resources

Indicator Year
Protected Areas 200910 area(s)
Protected Area 200968 percent of total TBL area
Protected Area 200912,031 sq.km
Protected Area perimeter 20091,392 km
Protected Area Compactness Index 20099 area / perimeter
Key Biodiversity Areas 20098 area(s)
Key Biodiversity Areas 200913,155 sq.km
Key Biodiversity Areas 200974 percent of total TBL area
Forest (closed) 200910,882 sq.km
Forest (closed) 200962 percent of total TBL area
Forest (open) 20096,215 sq.km
Forest (open) 200935 percent of total TBL area
Forest (closed & open) 200917,159 sq.km
Forest (closed & open) 200997 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (intensive irrigated) 20092 sq.km
Agriculture (intensive irrigated) 20090 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (intensive rainfed) 2009223 sq.km
Agriculture (intensive rainfed) 20091 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (extensive / shifting) 2009287 sq.km
Agriculture (extensive / shifting) 20092 percent of total TBL area

Energy, tourism and transport

Indicator Year
Major hydro-power dams 20091 existing dams
Major hydro-power dams 200923 planned dams
Tourism sites 200911 site(s)
Major tourism sites 20091 site(s)

GMS Environment Operations Center

The Offices at Central World, 23rd FL., 999/9 Rama 1 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand

Email: info@gms-eoc.org
Telephone: +66-2-207-4444
Fax: +66-2-207-4400

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