Key Indicators for Eastern Plains Dry Forest

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1. Last Remaining Dry Broadleaf Forest

The Eastern Plains in Cambodia is the last remaining patch of tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest that formerly stretched as far as Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.

2. Rich Megafauna

The area is famous for its large mammals, including Asian elephants, Gaur, Banteng, tigers and clouded leopards.

3. Energy Source

The area has considerable hydropower potential. Several large developments are planned for the northern part of the landscape (Srepok 2-4, Sesan 2-3), and the area plays an important role in regional power trade and interconnectivity.

4. Converging Corridors

Important economic corridors are converging in and near this landscape, most notably the Southern and Central corridors. The development of feeder roads connects local communities, but also puts considerable pressure on the landscape.

5. Active Conservation Community

Many large conservation NGO's work actively on the ground helping Cambodia to protect its natural capital. Innovative carbon financing work was piloted in this landscape and adjacent areas (e.g. PACT).

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Quick Facts

People and economy

Indicator Year
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 20092,597,070 hectares
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 200925,971 sq.km
Population 20101,698,540 people
Population density (average) 201065 people per sq.km
Population density (highest) 20108,074 people per sq.km

Environment and Natural Resources

Indicator Year
Protected Areas 201011 area(s)
Protected Area 200961 percent of total TBL area
Protected Area 201015,929 sq.km
Protected Area perimeter 20091,253 km
Protected Area Compactness Index 200913 area / perimeter
Key Biodiversity Areas 200911 area(s)
Key Biodiversity Areas 200918,837 sq.km
Key Biodiversity Areas 200973 percent of total TBL area
Forest (closed) 20095,613 sq.km
Forest (closed) 200922 percent of total TBL area
Forest (open) 200913,276 sq.km
Forest (open) 200951 percent of total TBL area
Forest (closed & open) 200918,910 sq.km
Forest (closed & open) 200973 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (intensive irrigated) 2009199 sq.km
Agriculture (intensive irrigated) 20091 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (intensive rainfed) 20093,234 sq.km
Agriculture (intensive rainfed) 200912 percent of total TBL area
Agriculture (extensive / shifting) 20092,521 sq.km
Agriculture (extensive / shifting) 200910 percent of total TBL area

Energy, tourism and transport

Indicator Year
Major hydro-power dams 20097 existing dams
Major hydro-power dams 200926 planned dams
Tourism sites 200925 site(s)
Major tourism sites 20091 site(s)

GMS Environment Operations Center

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Email: info@gms-eoc.org
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Fax: +66-2-207-4400

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