Key Indicators for Western Forest Complex

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1. Continuous Forest Area

At almost 6 million hectares of forest, the Western Forest Complex is one of the largest continous forest patches remaining in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

2. Hotspot for Iconic Species

Home to several important and endangered species - including elephant and tiger - this area has been designated a "tiger source site" by the Gobal Tiger Initiative.

3. Large Hydropower

Large hydropower such as the Srinakarin dam (720 MW) are operating in the area. While inundating part of the natural habitat it has also contributed to nature tourism, creating new opportunities for protected areas and the communities living around them.

4. Transboundary Highways to Myanmar

Several fast growing industrial and trade hubs are located on the Myanmar side, including Dawai and Myeik. Roads are planned to better connect Bangkok with these hubs and will likely lead to increased pressure on the forest.

5. Strong Protection Status

Most of the Western Forest Complex is under protection on the Thai side, while the Myanmar side, although isolated and in good condition, remains largely unprotected.

6. Reconnecting Tenasserim and Keng Krachan

The two largest patches of forest on the Thai side of the Western Forest Complex are connected only by a dwindling, narrow forest strip. Since 2006, CEP supported the establishment of a 70km long biodiversity corridor to help maintain habitat connectivity.

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Quick Facts

People and economy

Indicator Year
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 20096,610,500 hectares
Area of Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL) 200966,105
Population 20105,148,950 people
Population density (average) 201078 people per
Population density (highest) 201053,575 people per

Environment and Natural Resources

Indicator Year
Protected Areas 200928 area(s)
Protected Area 200934 percent of total TBL area
Protected Area 200922,611
Protected Area Compactness Index 20097 area / perimeter
Key Biodiversity Areas 200927 area(s)
Key Biodiversity Areas 200928,321
Key Biodiversity Areas 200943 percent of total TBL area

Energy, tourism and transport

Indicator Year
Major hydro-power dams 20094 existing dams
Major hydro-power dams 20094 planned dams
Tourism sites 200993 site(s)
Major tourism sites 20093 site(s)

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