Natural Resources

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Agriculture (extensive / shifting) (sq.km)

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Agriculture (extensive / shifting) (percent of total TBL area)

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Agriculture (intensive irrigated) (sq.km)

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Agriculture (intensive irrigated) (percent of total TBL area)

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Agriculture (intensive rainfed) (sq.km)

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Agriculture (intensive rainfed) (percent of total TBL area)

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Ecological Footprint

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Ecological Footprint per capita

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Land tenure secured (percent of households)

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- 57 libraries items.
- 137 news for this theme.

  • Business for Sustainable Landscapes

    This report draws widely from the diverse experience of landscape partnerships to analyze the challenges and opportuniti

    This report draws widely from the diverse experience of landscape partnerships to analyze the challenges and opportunities for businesses and their partners, and lays out critical actions needed by businesses themselves, and by financial institutions, governments and landscape programs, to improve the effectiveness of landscape partnerships and replicate the approach in many more places.

    Business​-for​-Sustainable​-Landscapes​-An​-Action​-Agenda​-for​-Sustainable​-Development​-May​-2017.pdf (4 MB)
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  • Green Technology Choices: The Environmental and Resource Implications of Low-Carbon Technologies

    Big wins for human health, natural resources in switch to energy efficiency

    Big wins for human health, natural resources in switch to energy efficiency

    • Low-carbon technologies aid clean air, save water and cut land use
    • 25 billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions and 17 million tonnes of particulates a year could be avoided through low-carbon and energy efficiency technologies
    report​_green​_technology​_choices​-final​-2​_web​_090517.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Banking on the Future of Asia and the Pacific: 50 Years of The Asian Development Bank

    This book is a history of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), a multilateral development bank established 50 years ago to

    This book is a history of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), a multilateral development bank established 50 years ago to serve Asia and the Pacific.

    Focusing on the region’s economic development, the evolution of the international development agenda, and the story of ADB itself, Banking on the Future of Asia and the Pacific raises several key questions: What are the outstanding features of regional development to which ADB had to respond? How has the bank grown and evolved in changing circumstances? How did ADB’s successive leaders promote reforms while preserving continuity with the efforts of their predecessors? ADB has played an important role in the transformation of Asia and the Pacific over the past 50 years. As ADB continues to evolve and adapt to the region’s changing development landscape, the experiences highlighted in this book can provide valuable insight on how best to serve Asia and the Pacific in the future.

    50years​-adb.pdf (5 MB)
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  • SEI Annual Report 2016

    SEI Annual Report 2016

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  • Earth Observation for a Transforming Asia and Pacific

    Satellite-based environmental information are innovative solutions that can provide new ways for ADB to serve and addres

    Satellite-based environmental information are innovative solutions that can provide new ways for ADB to serve and address development challenges.

    This report summarizes results of the initiative Earth Observation for a Transforming Asia and Pacific (EOTAP), that brought together the European Space Agency (ESA) and ADB to promote and demonstrate satellite Earth Observation in support of ADB’s investments in its developing member countries (DMCs).

    Click here for more detail.

    earth​-observation​-asia​-pacific.pdf (13 MB)
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  • Eradicating Poverty and Promoting Prosperity

    In Asia and the Pacific extreme income poverty remains widespread. This analysis of trends and highlighted good practice

    In Asia and the Pacific extreme income poverty remains widespread. This analysis of trends and highlighted good practices provides useful input into regional and global dialogues.

    This report is produced under a renewed partnership between United Nations (ESCAP), ADB, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to support national and regional efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It explores five megatrends that will determine whether everyone will be able to thrive and fulfill their expectations for a better life in the future: regional economic cooperation and integration; rural–urban transitions; demographic changes; ICT access and connectivity; and demand for natural resources.

    Click here for more detail.

    eradicating​-poverty​-asia​-pacific.pdf (4 MB)
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  • Resource Efficiency: Potential and Economic Implications

    As our population continues to grow, so does the pressure on our finite and fragile resources. Yet that threat can be tu

    As our population continues to grow, so does the pressure on our finite and fragile resources. Yet that threat can be turned into an opportunity to deliver the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This report highlights the massive potential of using increased efficiency as a costeffective way to protect resources, tackle climate change and reduce our environmental footprint, while boosting economic growth, employment and development.

    resource​_efficiency​_report​_march​_2017​_web​_res.pdf (22 MB)
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  • FAO and the SDGs

    On 25 September 2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development &n

    On 25 September 2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – including 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets – committing the international community to end poverty and hunger and achieve sustainable development between 2016 and 2030. Six months later, a global indicator framework for the SDGs – comprising 230 indicators - was identified to monitor the 169 targets and track progress, becoming the foundation of the SDGs’ accountability structure. The number of indicators - four times greater than for the MDGs - represents an immense challenge for countries. FAO - proposed ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 SDG indicators and a contributing agency for six more – can assist countries in meeting the new monitoring challenges. This publication presents FAO’s work in developing and strengthening indicators that measure food, agriculture and the sustainable use of natural resources, shining a light on the 21 indicators of FAO custodianship. It describes how the organization can support countries track progress and make the connection between monitoring and policymaking to achieve the SDGs.

    Click here for more detail.

    a​-i6919e.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Public Policy Guidelines for Integrated Landscape Management

    National and sub-national policies that create the enabling conditions for integrated landscape management still need to

    National and sub-national policies that create the enabling conditions for integrated landscape management still need to be put in place in most areas of the world. Thankfully, policymakers have a large set of tools at their disposal, many of which are very low or no-cost. Further, there are simple steps that can be taken right away by individual agencies or localities to put ILM-friendly policy implementation on the horizon.

    Public​-Policy​-Guidelines​-for​-ILM​-January​-2017​-Final.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Guide for planning, construction and maintenance of forest roads

    The first part of the Manual introduces the main steps of forest road network planning and gives guidance on road constr

    The first part of the Manual introduces the main steps of forest road network planning and gives guidance on road construction under different site conditions. It demonstrates good practices to minimize the area used for building purposes, to keep the environmental impact as low as possible and to maintain forest productivity. It describes the machinery suitable for the different construction phases and compares the advantages of machine types. The second part of the Manual introduces the goals and best practices of regular forest road maintenance which is a key operation that enables multi-purpose use of forests. It gives an overview on the main causes of forest road degradation and explains the different maintenance regimes and maintenance activities.

    a​-i7051e.pdf (18 MB)
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  • BIOFIN Workbook: Mobilizing Resources for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development

    The 2016 BIOFIN Workbook was developed based on the inputs and lessons generated from BIOFIN implementation in 30 countr

    The 2016 BIOFIN Workbook was developed based on the inputs and lessons generated from BIOFIN implementation in 30 countries: Belize, Brazil, Botswana, Bhutan, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Fiji, Georgia, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Mozambique, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia.

    Click here for more detail.

    BIOFINWorkbook2016.pdf (5 MB)
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  • The Rise Of Environmental Crime: A Growing Threat To Natural Resources, Peace, Development and Security

    The growth rate of these crimes is astonishing. The reportthat follows reveals for the first time that this new area ofc

    The growth rate of these crimes is astonishing. The reportthat follows reveals for the first time that this new area ofcriminality has diversified and skyrocketed to become theworld’s fourth largest crime sector in a few decades, growingat 2-3 times the pace of the global economy. INTERPOL andUNEP now estimate that natural resources worth as much asUSD 91 billion to USD 258 billion annually are being stolenby criminals, depriving countries of future revenues anddevelopment opportunities.

    The​_rise​_of​_environmental​_crime​_​_A​_growing​_threat​_to​_natural​_resources​_peace,​_development​_and​_security​-2016environmental​_crimes.pdf.pdf (9 MB)
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  • Nature-Based Solutions for Building Resilience in Towns and Cities: Case Studies from the Greater Mekong Subregion

    Green infrastructure can play a significant role in offsetting losses from climate-related disasters and contribute to b

    Green infrastructure can play a significant role in offsetting losses from climate-related disasters and contribute to building resilience through rehabilitation and expansion of natural ecosystems within built areas.

    Urban populations are projected to increase from 54% to 66% of the global population by 2050, with close to 90% of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. Cities and towns—a growing source of greenhouse gas emissions—will need to address challenges posed by climate change. A nature-based approach in identifying climate change vulnerabilities and developing relevant adaptation options was conducted in three towns of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS).

    Working with local governments, nongovernment organizations, women’s groups, and professional associations, town-wide adaptation measures were defined by overlaying climate change projections on town plans and zoning schemes for strategic infrastructure. This publication captures valuable experience and lessons from the project.

    nature​-based​-solutions.pdf (6 MB)
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  • From MDGs to Sustainable Development For All: Lessons from 15 Years of Practice

    In 2015, world leaders set out to defy the odds, committing themselves to achieve 17 ambitious and far-reaching Sustaina

    In 2015, world leaders set out to defy the odds, committing themselves to achieve 17 ambitious and far-reaching Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. This was not the first time the world had attempted to raise the trajectory of human progress by employing Global Goals. In 2000, world leaders blazed a trail by adopting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs were the first attempt to use Global Goals to capture and advance the shared interest we all have, in a more just, peaceful and prosperous world.

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    From the MDGs to SD4All.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs

    This UNDP-World Bank Report pulls together the main lessons learned from the MDG Reviews for the UN system and for its e

    This UNDP-World Bank Report pulls together the main lessons learned from the MDG Reviews for the UN system and for its engagement at the country level, which took place at the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB). The Reviews, which brought together UN and World Bank Group staff, systematically identified the country situation, the bottlenecks to MDG attainment, and potential solutions to be implemented. Since many MDGs have been absorbed into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), many of the observations and solutions provided could prove useful to the implementation of the SDGs.

    Click here for more detail.

    Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Mapping and Valuing Ecosystem Services in Mondulkiri: Outcomes and Recommendations for Sustainable and Inclusive Land Use Planning in Cambodia

    Cambodia is a country rich in natural resources that sustain the wellbeing of the nation's population and contribute to

    Cambodia is a country rich in natural resources that sustain the wellbeing of the nation's population and contribute to the country's economy. It has the largest areas of contiguous and intact forests in mainland Southeast Asia. Millions of people in Cambodia, many rural and poor, depend directly on the natural environment for their daily basic food, water, energy needs and income generation.

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    Source: WWF-Cambodia

    mapping​_and​_valuing​_ecosystem​_services​_in​_mondulkiri​_full​_report​_6​_9​_2016​_1.pdf (7 MB)
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  • Guidelines-Participatory Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of Multistakeholder Platforms in Integrated Landscape Initiatives

    Integrated landscape initiatives often involve multi-stakeholder platforms. These are meant to enable discussions, negot

    Integrated landscape initiatives often involve multi-stakeholder platforms. These are meant to enable discussions, negotiations and joint planning between stakeholders from various sectors in a given landscape. With growing investmentsn such platforms, there is a need for simple and affordable methods to aid their planning, monitoring and evaluation (PME). This report presents such a method, providing practical guidelines for participatory PME workshops based on three tools.

    Guidelines ​- Participatory Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation of Multistakeholder Platforms in Integrated Landscape Initiatives ​- 2016 Trobenos Int..pdf (2 MB)
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  • Cambodia - The Supporting Forest and Biodiversity Project - Four Years of Achievement

    Between 2012 and 2016, WWF-Cambodia implemented the Supporting Forests and Biodiversity (SFB) Project funded by USAID. T

    Between 2012 and 2016, WWF-Cambodia implemented the Supporting Forests and Biodiversity (SFB) Project funded by USAID. This report overviews how the initiative improved the effectiveness of government and other key natural resource managers to sustainably manage forests in the Eastern Plains Landscape of Cambodia.

    sfb​_achievements​_layout​_version​_v​_2.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Video: Safeguarding Yunnan's Biodiversity

    This film highlights the environmental challenges facing China's Southwestern province of Yunnan as well as ongoing effo

    This film highlights the environmental challenges facing China's Southwestern province of Yunnan as well as ongoing efforts to protect the unique biodiversity in the province's Xishuangbanna prefecture.

     

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  • Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation are available at:

    Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation are available at:

          -Myanmar Parliament website

          -Mekong Law Center website

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  • China Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Environmental laws, environment related laws, environment related regulations and regulation interpretaton of The People

    Environmental laws, environment related laws, environment related regulations and regulation interpretaton of The People's Republic of China are available on Ministry of Environmental Protection website.

    Source: Ministry of Environmental Protection.

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  • Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation are available to download from:      -Pollutional Control

    Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation are available to download from:
          -Pollutional Control Department website, MoNRE.

          -Office of the Council of State website

          -Mekong Regional Law Center

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  • Viet Nam Environmental Policies and Legislation

    These are law, decree and order related to Vietname Environmental Policies and Legislation. All are in PDF format. Most

    These are law, decree and order related to Vietname Environmental Policies and Legislation. All are in PDF format. Most are in English (unofficial translation) and some are in Vietnamese.

     

    Sources: REDD Vietname

    Vietname​_Decree​_on​_administrative​_violations​_of​_forest​_mgt​_forest​_protection​_and​_development​_and​_forest​_products​_mgt​_11​_Nov​_2013​_Vn.pdf (3 MB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_collection​_of​_landuse​_fees​_03​_Dec​_2004​_Vn.pdf (262 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_forest​_fire​_prevention​_and​_control​_16​_Jan​_2006​_Vn.pdf (368 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_organization​_and​_management​_of​_the​_special​_use​_forest​_system​_24​_Dec​_2010​_En.pdf (131 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_organization​_and​_operation​_of​_the​_forest protection​_service​_16​_Oct​_2006​_En.pdf (113 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_the​_implementation​_of​_law​_on​_land​_29​_Oct​_2004​_En.pdf (411 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_the​_implementation​_of​_the​_Law​_on​_forest​_protection​_and​_development​_03​_Mar​_2006​_En.pdf (204 KB) Vietname​_Decree​_on​_the​_principles​_and​_methods​_of​_determining​_prices​_of​_forests​_of​_different​_types​_28​_Mar​_2007​_En.pdf (89 KB) Vietname​_Law​_on​_Boidiversity​_28​_Nov​_2008​_En.pdf (116 KB) Vietname​_Law​_on​_Environmental​_Protection​_12​_Dec​_2005​_En.pdf (346 KB) Vietname​_Law​_on​_Forest​_Protection​_and​_Development​_14​_Dec​_2004​_En.pdf (155 KB) Vietname​_Law​_on​_Land​_10​_Dec​_2003​_En.pdf (443 KB) Vietname​_Law​_on​_Royalties​_04​_Dec​_2009​_En.pdf (116 KB)
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  • Food Systems and Natural Resources

    Food systems are at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a historic global commitment to eradicate

    Food systems are at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a historic global commitment to eradicate poverty and hunger while ensuring healthy, prosperous and fulfilling lives. The food we grow, produce, consume, trade, transport, store and sell is the essential connecting thread between people, prosperity, and planet. We therefore need ‘resource-smart’ food systems. Food systems crucially depend on natural resources: land, soil, water, terrestrial and marine biodiversity, minerals (essential nutrients for crops and animals) and fossil fuels. The use of these natural resources goes beyond primary food production, e.g. fresh water for processing and biomass for packaging or cooking. If we want ensure all people have safe and nutritious food, in appropriate amounts, these natural resources need to be managed sustainably and used efficiently, while reducing environmental impacts. The food sector is globally the dominant user of a number of natural resources, particularly land, biodiversity, fresh water, nitrogen and phosphorus. Food systems, and food production in particular, are also a major driver of a number of environmental impacts, such as the loss of biodiversity, soil degradation, water depletion and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the people who directly or indirectly manage our food systems are also the largest group of natural resource managers in the world and could become critical agents of change in the transformation of current consumption and production systems.

    ​-Food​_systems​_and​_natural​_resources​-2016Food​_Systems​_and​_Natural​_Resources.pdf.pdf (9 MB)
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  • ADB - Natural Capital and the Rule of Law: Proceedings of the ADB Second Asian Judges Symposium on Environment 2013

    This publication captures the proceedings of the Second Asian Judges Symposium: "Natural Capital and the Rule of Law" he

    This publication captures the proceedings of the Second Asian Judges Symposium: "Natural Capital and the Rule of Law" held 3–5 December 2013 in Manila, the Philippines.

     

    natural​-capital​-and​-rule​-law.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Unlocking the Sustainable Potential Of Land Resources Evaluation Systems, Strategies and Tools

    This report provides an introduction to land evaluation systems, strategies and tools necessary for “development t

    This report provides an introduction to land evaluation systems, strategies and tools necessary for “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The text focuses strongly on how to better match land use with its sustainable potential, in order to reduce the amount of land required to meet human needs, minimize land degradation, and cost-effectively restore already degraded lands. The report provides information that private landowners can use to increase long-term productivity and profitability, while at the same time addressing global objectives defined through land-related Sustainable Development Goals, and particularly 15.3 (land degradation neutrality).

    land​_resources​_full​_report​_english.pdf (3 MB)
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  • The State of Environmental Migration 2015 – A review of 2014

    The State of Environmental Migration series gathers the expertise of researchers, students and professionals to provide

    The State of Environmental Migration series gathers the expertise of researchers, students and professionals to provide an annual assessment of the changing nature and dynamics of environment- and climate-related migration throughout the world.

    state​_environmental​_migration​_2014​_0​_0.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Integrated Planning and Sustainable Development: Challenges and Opportunities

    This Synthesis Report and the eight country studies on which it draws, have been prepared through the Partnership for Ac

    This Synthesis Report and the eight country studies on which it draws, have been prepared through the Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), with funds from the European Commission. The report illustrates the many different sustainable development pathways that countries are pursuing in line with national priorities and contexts. Its country-based evidence and non-prescriptive findings for policymakers and practitioners highlight the need for integrated and coherent development policies, while illustrating a range of inclusive green economy solutions. As such, this report represents an important addition to the global community’s demand-driven resources for advancing the 2030 Agenda.

    Click here for more detail.

    PAGE​_Integrated​_Planning​_and​_SD​_SynthesisReport.pdf (3 MB)
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  • 2015 UNDP-GEF Annual Performance Report

    This eighth annual performance report of the UNDP Global Environmental Finance (UNDP-GEF) Unit has three primary goals:

    This eighth annual performance report of the UNDP Global Environmental Finance (UNDP-GEF) Unit has three primary goals: one, to provide a snapshot of progress made toward multiple development and environment benefits by projects in each region in 2015 – see Demonstrating Impact; two, to highlight progress made in addressing women, work and the environment – see Gender in Action; and three, to demonstrate the services UNDP provides to the vertical funds that it is accredited to, in particular the Global Environment Facility family of funds – see UNDP-GEF Unit. In addition, development and environment benefits that have been realized through projects and that can be reasonably aggregated at the regional and/or global levels are presented in a series of infographics.  This report demonstrates how investments in the environment in 141 countries are already delivering development benefits. 

    Click here for more detail.

    2015 Annual Performance Report of UNDP​-Supported GEF​-Financed Projects​_DigitalFile.pdf (6 MB)
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  • Community forestry-based climate change adaptation: a practitioner’s brief

    In 2014, the USAID Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation Facility for Asia and the Pacific(USAID Adapt Asia-Paci

    In 2014, the USAID Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation Facility for Asia and the Pacific(USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific ) teamed up with RECOFTC – The Center for People and Forests to establish ademonstration site in the Bishnupur community of Sarlahi district of Nepal, on planning, financing andimplementing community forestry-based climate change adaptation (CF-CCA)

    community​_forestry​_climate​_change​_adapatation​_brief​_2016​_05​_en.pdf (1 MB)
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  • Natural Capital Assessments at the National and Sub-National level: A Guide for Environmental Practitioners

    Natural capital refers to the stocks of the Earth's natural assets and resources, such as soil,water, air and biodiversi

    Natural capital refers to the stocks of the Earth's natural assets and resources, such as soil,water, air and biodiversity.

    This Guide for Environmental Practitioners from UNEP is a guidance document which's presents eight steps to completing Natural Capital Assessments to inform decision making that supports sustainable economic growth.

    Natural Capital Assessments ​- Guide For Enviro Practictioners ​- UNEP 2016.pdf (3 MB)
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  • MRC: 20 Years of C20 Yearso of Coooperaption eration

    The year 2015 marks the 20th anniversary of the Mekong Agreement on Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the M

    The year 2015 marks the 20th anniversary of the Mekong Agreement on Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin. Signed in Chiang Rai on April 5, 1995, the agreement between Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam

    20th​-year​-MRC​-2016.pdf (6 MB)
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  • Achieving Environmental Sustainability in Myanmar

    Myanmar is at a critical crossroads. With many environmental assets, and industrial pressure only beginning to deve

    Myanmar is at a critical crossroads. With many environmental assets, and industrial pressure only beginning to develop, it could effectively form policies and regulations that ensure sustainable growth and conservation of key natural resources. This paper aims to identify current and future environmental problems in Myanmar, the pressures underpinning them, and the policy measures that can manage them.

    ADB 2015​- Achieving Environmental Sustainability Myanmar.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Landscape Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Achieving the SDGs through Integrated Landscape Management

    To achieve the SDGs by 2030 will require a radically different paradigm of development than was applied to the Millenniu

    To achieve the SDGs by 2030 will require a radically different paradigm of development than was applied to the Millennium Development Goals. A new approach that breaks down sectoral barriers, capitalizes on synergies in land uses and human development, and strengthens coordination and participation of a wide range of stakeholders is needed. Integrated landscape management (ILM) is that approach. This paper makes the case for how we get there.

    LPFN​_WhitePaper​_112415c​_lowres.pdf (880 KB)
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  • A mapping of ecosystem services in Quang Tri and Ha Tinh provinces, Viet Nam

    Goods and services provided by functioning ecosystems contribute directly and indirectly to human welfare and therefore

    Goods and services provided by functioning ecosystems contribute directly and indirectly to human welfare and therefore represent a significant, yet often uncounted, portion of the total economic value of the landscape we live in. While there are many ways that humans can value their landscape, the ability to estimate the economic value of ecosystem goods and services provided by a landscape is increasingly recognized as a valuable tool in weighing trade-offs in environmental decision-making and land-use planning.

    EcoSystemMappingReport​_vietnam​_FINAL.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Improving incomes of local people through the sustainable harvesting of timber

    This comprehensive report is a review of the ‘Strengthening Sustainable Forest Management and Bioenergy Markets to

    This comprehensive report is a review of the ‘Strengthening Sustainable Forest Management and Bioenergy Markets to Promote Environmental Sustainability and to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Cambodia’ (SFM) project, summarizing the technical reports prepared by the individuals and organizations involved. The Community-Based Production Forestry (CBPF) Keo Seima project was conducted over several years and made possible by the invaluable contributions of many individuals of various organizations. Funding was provided by different sources interested in seeing through the success of the project.

    Improving incomes of local people through the sustainable harvesting of timberDec2015.pdf (1 MB)
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  • Investing in Natural Capital for a Sustainable Future in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    This report aims to demonstrate the compelling need to increase investments in natural capital in the Greater Mekong Sub

    This report aims to demonstrate the compelling need to increase investments in natural capital in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and identifies actions now being taken regionally and nationally to manage natural capital. It also proposes a guiding framework for promoting investments and actions by GMS countries to secure natural capital and thus ensure sustainable and inclusive growth in the subregion.

    Investing in Natural Capital Report.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Linking Rapid Erosion of the Mekong River Delta to Human Activities

    This scientific report investigates the link between human activities and erosion in the Mekong Delta. It concludes that

    This scientific report investigates the link between human activities and erosion in the Mekong Delta. It concludes that hydroelectric dams and sand mining are causing considerable, and possibly unrecoverable, erosion damage.

    Linking Rapid Erosion of the Mekong River Delta to Human Activities.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Environmental Impact Assessment Comparative Analysis In Lower Mekong Countries

    This Report examines existing laws, policies, regulations, and guidelines in each Lower Mekong country, and relevant lit

    This Report examines existing laws, policies, regulations, and guidelines in each Lower Mekong country, and relevant literature, to answer the following four questions :

    • What are the specific provisions for public participation in EIA?
    • To what degree are the existing national EIA frameworks already harmonized across the Lower Mekong countries?
    • What major gaps exist, particularly with respect to public participation processes?
    • What specific recommendations can be made for strengthening the EIA process nationally and regionally, specifically with respect to meaningful public participation and stakeholder engagement?

    This Report also examines some regional EIA approaches of the Mekong River Commission, as well as the Asian Development Bank‘s Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).

    Environmental Impact Assessment Comparative Analysis In Lower Mekong Countries.pdf (4 MB)
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  • Ecosystem-based Approaches to Address Climate Change Challenges in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    The brief summarizes the current state of GMS knowledge and experience on ecosystem-based approaches. It draws upon work

    The brief summarizes the current state of GMS knowledge and experience on ecosystem-based approaches. It draws upon work of the GMS Core Environment Program and partner institutions, including findings from the regional workshop “Mainstreaming an Ecosystem-based Approach to Climate Change into Biodiversity Conservation Planning,” which took place 15–16 October 2013 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    GMS EBA brief.pdf (1 MB)
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  • Spatial Planning and Monitoring of Landscape Interventions: Maps to Link People with their Landscapes

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  • Ground-Based Photo-Monitoring of Landscape Changes Arising from Sustainable Land Management Practices

    Aimed at sustainable land management researchers and practitioners, the method presented here uses photographs to track

    Aimed at sustainable land management researchers and practitioners, the method presented here uses photographs to track land-use changes in order to evaluate the progress and effectiveness of specific management practices. The user guide includes an overview of ground-based photo-monitoring, its capabilities and limitations and provides suggestions for those interested in adopting the methodology.

    GBPM​_UsersGuide​_10November2014.pdf (5 MB)
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  • A Landscape Perspective on Monitoring & Evaluation for Sustainable Land Management

    This manual will aid trainers of sustainable land management (SLM) professionals to organize and conduct effective cours

    This manual will aid trainers of sustainable land management (SLM) professionals to organize and conduct effective courses on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) from an integrated landscape management perspective.

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  • Scaling Up Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Viet Nam: Lessons and Insights from Quang Nam

    This publication features ADB's support to the provincial authorities of Quang Nam in Viet Nam to scale up the impl

    This publication features ADB's support to the provincial authorities of Quang Nam in Viet Nam to scale up the implementation of payments for forest environmental services through a technical assistance financed by the Governments of Sweden and Norway. The project pilot-tested two innovations—the group approach and the use of a geographic information system—to speed up payments for forest environmental services planning and implementation in the province. Starting with five villages in Ma Cooih commune, the initiative expanded to include two more communes in the Song Bung 4 watershed. 

    scaling​-up​-payments​-forest​-environmental​-services​-vietnam.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Towards a Global Map of Natural Capital - Key Ecosystem Assets

    This report combines information about key ecosystem assets into global maps covering terrestrial and marine realms. The

    This report combines information about key ecosystem assets into global maps covering terrestrial and marine realms. The assets included are freshwater resources, soil quality, organic carbon, terrestrial and marine biodiversity, and global fish catch (as a proxy for marine fish stocks). The report builds on a considerable body of work in the fields of natural capital accounting and the mapping of ecosystem services.

    Towards a Global Map of Natural Capital ​- Key Ecosystem Assets.pdf (6 MB)
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  • Climate Change and Rural Communities in the Greater Mekong Subregion: A Framework for Assessing Vulnerability and Adaptation Options

    This report presents the methodology and lessons from a climate change adaptation study conducted by the Greater Mekong

    This report presents the methodology and lessons from a climate change adaptation study conducted by the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Core Environment Program. The study yielded a framework and methodology for assessing climate vulnerability and adaptation options for rural communities in the GMS. It was conducted in biodiversity conservation corridors in Lao People's Democratic Republic, Thailand, and Viet Nam during 2011–2012. The report introduces the framework, describes how it was applied, major results, and makes recommendations for future improvement.

    Climate Change and Rural Communities in the GMS ​- A Framework for Assessing Vulnerability & Adaptation Options.pdf (3 MB)
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  • The Environments of the Poor in Southeast Asia, East Asia and the Pacific

    This book is first in a series of a three-volume publication on the environments of the poor, and contains selected pape

    This book is first in a series of a three-volume publication on the environments of the poor, and contains selected papers on Southeast Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific from a conference organized in 2010 by ADB, in cooperation with various development partners and think tank institutes in Asia. The book introduces a spatial approach to poverty, and argues that a triple win -- reducing poverty, protecting the environment, and responding to climate change -- is possible.

    environments​-poor​-southeast​-asia.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Policy Brief: Operationalizing Environmental Economic National Accounts

    This brief draws on the findings and key discussions from the 'Workshop on Valuing and Accounting for the Environment in

    This brief draws on the findings and key discussions from the 'Workshop on Valuing and Accounting for the Environment in Asia,' which was held in Bangkok 8-10 October, 2013. The brief was compiled by the South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE). The Core Environment Program provided funding support for the workshop.

    Operationalizing Environmental .pdf (383 KB)
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  • Building Natural Capital: How REDD+ Can Support A Green Economy

    REDD+ is the approach adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce greenhouse

    REDD+ is the approach adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from forests. REDD+ stands for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, plus conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (UNFCCC, 2010). If systematically pursued, REDD+ would bring new momentum and new funding to the task of preserving the world’s forests. REDD+ is already delivering important outcomes as it brings further world attention to the conservation of tropical forests, monitoring the state of forests, and the contributions of people living in and around forests.

    building​_natural​_capital​_full​_report​_english.pdf (18 MB)
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  • ASSESSING GLOBAL LAND USE: Balancing Consumption With Sustainable Supply

    Global cropland is expanding. Changing trends in both the production and consumption of land-based products are increasi

    Global cropland is expanding. Changing trends in both the production and consumption of land-based products are increasing pressure on land resources across the globe. This report discusses the need and options to balance consumption with sustainable production. It focuses on land-based products (food, fuels and fibre) and describes methods which enable countries to determine whether their consumption levels exceed sustainable supply capacities. Strategies and measures are outlined which will allow adjusting the policy framework to balance consumption with these capacities.

    full​_report​-assessing​_global​_land​_useenglish​_pdf.pdf (5 MB)
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  • ADB: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment Initial Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map for Myanmar

    This sector assessment, strategy, and road map highlights the Government of Myanmar’s plans and strategies for add

    This sector assessment, strategy, and road map highlights the Government of Myanmar’s plans and strategies for addressing priority needs for the agriculture, natural resources, and environment sector and identifies possible preliminary areas of international assistance. It assesses key sector development needs by analyzing the strengths, constraints and weaknesses, various risks, and potential threats, as well as the opportunities, including further evolving the development partnership with the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

    ADB 2013 Myanmar Agriculture, Environment Assement.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Planning Sustainable Investments in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    This CEP brief summarizes the methodology and lessons learned from a Spatial Multicriteria Assessment (SMCA) recently ap

    This CEP brief summarizes the methodology and lessons learned from a Spatial Multicriteria Assessment (SMCA) recently applied to the GMS Regional Investment Framework. It concludes that SMCA is a valuable tool to help decision makers understand and respond to the economic, environmental, and social risks of investments.  For example, SMCA can assist decision-makers to prioritize investments, determine appropriate land allocation, and plan mitigation measures.

    Planning Sustainable Investments in the GMS​_web.pdf (1 MB)
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  • ADB Environment Operational Directions 2013-2020

    In the context of Strategy 2020 and in the follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20

    In the context of Strategy 2020 and in the follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), this ADB report provides a coherent overview of ADB environment operations and to articulate how it will step up efforts to help the region achieve a transition to environmentally sustainable growth or green growth. Building on ADB sector and thematic plans, this paper includes a brief review of recent ADB experience in environment operations, and identifies effective approaches for the development of “greener” country partnership strategies, investment projects, and associated knowledge and technical assistance activities. 

    ADB Environment Operational Directions 2013​-2020 ​- Green Growth.pdf (911 KB)
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  • Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Viet Nam - From Policy to Practice

    This CIFOR Occasional Paper assesses the government of Vietnam’s program of Payments for Forest Environmental Serv

    This CIFOR Occasional Paper assesses the government of Vietnam’s program of Payments for Forest Environmental Services (PFES), with the aim of providing policy makers with practical policy recommendations for achieving effective, efficient and equitable outcomes. 

    Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Vietnam ​- From Policy to Practice.pdf (3 MB)
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  • GMS Atlas of the Environment - 2nd Edition

    Prepared for the 20th Anniversary of the GMS, this second edition of the Atlas offers a unique overview of the exquisite

    Prepared for the 20th Anniversary of the GMS, this second edition of the Atlas offers a unique overview of the exquisite beauty and diversity of the subregion’s natural environment. It also highlights the tremendous progress made by the GMS countries, as well as the need to address the increasing risks that they face. 


    Access the Atlas here.

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