Urban Environment

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Percentage of urban population with access to improved sanitation facilities

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Percentage of urban population with access to improved water sources

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Proportion of urban population

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GMS Population 2010

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GMS Population 2014

  • Earth Observation for a Transforming Asia and Pacific

    Satellite-based environmental information are innovative solutions that can provide new ways for ADB to serve and addres

    Satellite-based environmental information are innovative solutions that can provide new ways for ADB to serve and address development challenges.

    This report summarizes results of the initiative Earth Observation for a Transforming Asia and Pacific (EOTAP), that brought together the European Space Agency (ESA) and ADB to promote and demonstrate satellite Earth Observation in support of ADB’s investments in its developing member countries (DMCs).

    Click here for more detail.

    earth​-observation​-asia​-pacific.pdf (13 MB)
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  • FAO and the SDGs

    On 25 September 2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development &n

    On 25 September 2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – including 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets – committing the international community to end poverty and hunger and achieve sustainable development between 2016 and 2030. Six months later, a global indicator framework for the SDGs – comprising 230 indicators - was identified to monitor the 169 targets and track progress, becoming the foundation of the SDGs’ accountability structure. The number of indicators - four times greater than for the MDGs - represents an immense challenge for countries. FAO - proposed ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 SDG indicators and a contributing agency for six more – can assist countries in meeting the new monitoring challenges. This publication presents FAO’s work in developing and strengthening indicators that measure food, agriculture and the sustainable use of natural resources, shining a light on the 21 indicators of FAO custodianship. It describes how the organization can support countries track progress and make the connection between monitoring and policymaking to achieve the SDGs.

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    a​-i6919e.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Waste Management in Myanmar: Current Status, Key Challenges and Recommendations for National and City Waste Management Strategies

    This policy report reviews the current status of waste management in Myanmar and confirms that it remains at a prelimina

    This policy report reviews the current status of waste management in Myanmar and confirms that it remains at a preliminary stage, attributed to challenges at both the national and city levels resulting from a range of technical, social, economic and institutional constraints. Accordingly, the overall guidance of this report is the need for Myanmar to develop a national waste management strategy to serve as a principal framework for waste policies and practices across the country; such a strategy should be designed with a view towards supporting city-level strategies and actions, and focus on the piloting and execution of concrete actions led by Township and City Development Committees. In order to ensure that these national and city waste management strategies are implemented in a coordinated, cost-effective and efficient manner, the report concludes by providing a number of policy recommendations.

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    POLICY REPORT​_​_Myanmar.final​_.2017.01.31rev.pdf (7 MB)
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  • Guidance Note | Municipal Solid Waste Management in Crisis and Post-Crisis Setting

    This guidance note aims to support Government counterparts and strengthen UNDP Country Offices’ and implementing p

    This guidance note aims to support Government counterparts and strengthen UNDP Country Offices’ and implementing partners’ capacities to plan, design and implement projects for municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in crisis or post-crisis settings, as part of UNDP’s early recovery response.

    The Guidance Note focuses in particular on livelihoods recovery and local government service delivery. It is assumed that readers do not have extensive experience in the area of MSWM. The guidance note is intended to inform UNDP Country Offices and implementing partners on the type of programmes UNDP could support in the area of MSWM in an early recovery setting, and provide information on how to plan, design and implement such projects.

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    GuidanceNote​_Solid​_Waste​_Management.pdf (2 MB)
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  • From MDGs to Sustainable Development For All: Lessons from 15 Years of Practice

    In 2015, world leaders set out to defy the odds, committing themselves to achieve 17 ambitious and far-reaching Sustaina

    In 2015, world leaders set out to defy the odds, committing themselves to achieve 17 ambitious and far-reaching Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. This was not the first time the world had attempted to raise the trajectory of human progress by employing Global Goals. In 2000, world leaders blazed a trail by adopting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs were the first attempt to use Global Goals to capture and advance the shared interest we all have, in a more just, peaceful and prosperous world.

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    From the MDGs to SD4All.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs

    This UNDP-World Bank Report pulls together the main lessons learned from the MDG Reviews for the UN system and for its e

    This UNDP-World Bank Report pulls together the main lessons learned from the MDG Reviews for the UN system and for its engagement at the country level, which took place at the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB). The Reviews, which brought together UN and World Bank Group staff, systematically identified the country situation, the bottlenecks to MDG attainment, and potential solutions to be implemented. Since many MDGs have been absorbed into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), many of the observations and solutions provided could prove useful to the implementation of the SDGs.

    Click here for more detail.

    Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs.pdf (3 MB)
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  • Asian Development Outlook 2016 Update: Meeting the Low-Carbon Growth Challenge

    Growth has held up in developing Asia despite a difficult external environment. The region is expected to grow steadily

    Growth has held up in developing Asia despite a difficult external environment. The region is expected to grow steadily at 5.7% in 2016 and 2017, the forecasts in this Update unchanged from Asian Development Outlook 2016.

    Follow the link for more detial.

    ado2016​-update.pdf (6 MB) ado2016​-update​-highlights.pdf (793 KB)
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  • Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation are available at:

    Myanmar Environmental Policies and Legislation are available at:

          -Myanmar Parliament website

          -Mekong Law Center website

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  • China Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Environmental laws, environment related laws, environment related regulations and regulation interpretaton of The People

    Environmental laws, environment related laws, environment related regulations and regulation interpretaton of The People's Republic of China are available on Ministry of Environmental Protection website.

    Source: Ministry of Environmental Protection.

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  • Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation

    Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation are available to download from:      -Pollutional Control

    Thailand Environmental Policies and Legislation are available to download from:
          -Pollutional Control Department website, MoNRE.

          -Office of the Council of State website

          -Mekong Regional Law Center

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  • ADB - Urban Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    Urbanization is set to play an ever greater role in the development of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries, tra

    Urbanization is set to play an ever greater role in the development of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries, transforming their economies and providing support to green economic growth.

    Follow the link for more detial.

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  • Carbofuran poisoning at the interface between wildlife, livestock and humans.

    Between January and August 2015, a series of animal mortality and human morbidity events in PreahVihear Province, were d

    Between January and August 2015, a series of animal mortality and human morbidity events in PreahVihear Province, were detected by the LACANET wildlife disease surveillance network. Initial findingsraised suspicions towards a link to pesticide use. Given the morbidity and mortality risks for humans,livestock, and endangered species, a thorough investigation was initiated. This document reports theresults of this investigation.

    This report was produced by the Wildlife Conservation Society with contribution from Dr MathieuPruvot (WCS), Alistair Mould (WCS), and Dr Mei Castor (US-CDC). Follow the link for more detial about WCS Cambodia.

    Carbofuran poisoning at the interface between wildlife, livestock and humans, June 2016.pdf (730 KB)
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  • The State of Environmental Migration 2015 – A review of 2014

    The State of Environmental Migration series gathers the expertise of researchers, students and professionals to provide

    The State of Environmental Migration series gathers the expertise of researchers, students and professionals to provide an annual assessment of the changing nature and dynamics of environment- and climate-related migration throughout the world.

    state​_environmental​_migration​_2014​_0​_0.pdf (5 MB)
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  • Integrated Planning and Sustainable Development: Challenges and Opportunities

    This Synthesis Report and the eight country studies on which it draws, have been prepared through the Partnership for Ac

    This Synthesis Report and the eight country studies on which it draws, have been prepared through the Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), with funds from the European Commission. The report illustrates the many different sustainable development pathways that countries are pursuing in line with national priorities and contexts. Its country-based evidence and non-prescriptive findings for policymakers and practitioners highlight the need for integrated and coherent development policies, while illustrating a range of inclusive green economy solutions. As such, this report represents an important addition to the global community’s demand-driven resources for advancing the 2030 Agenda.

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    PAGE​_Integrated​_Planning​_and​_SD​_SynthesisReport.pdf (3 MB)
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  • 2015 UNDP-GEF Annual Performance Report

    This eighth annual performance report of the UNDP Global Environmental Finance (UNDP-GEF) Unit has three primary goals:

    This eighth annual performance report of the UNDP Global Environmental Finance (UNDP-GEF) Unit has three primary goals: one, to provide a snapshot of progress made toward multiple development and environment benefits by projects in each region in 2015 – see Demonstrating Impact; two, to highlight progress made in addressing women, work and the environment – see Gender in Action; and three, to demonstrate the services UNDP provides to the vertical funds that it is accredited to, in particular the Global Environment Facility family of funds – see UNDP-GEF Unit. In addition, development and environment benefits that have been realized through projects and that can be reasonably aggregated at the regional and/or global levels are presented in a series of infographics.  This report demonstrates how investments in the environment in 141 countries are already delivering development benefits. 

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    2015 Annual Performance Report of UNDP​-Supported GEF​-Financed Projects​_DigitalFile.pdf (6 MB)
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  • State of Sustainability Initiatives Review: Standards and the Blue Economy

    The SSI Review: Standards and the Blue Economy takes a deep dive into the market and performance trends of the 9 most pr

    The SSI Review: Standards and the Blue Economy takes a deep dive into the market and performance trends of the 9 most prevalent seafood certification schemes operating in the wild catch and aquaculture sectors. The Review provides a reference point for buyers, producers, policy makers and consumers in deciding how best to apply voluntary standards in their own decision-making processes.

    ssi​-blue​-economy​-2016.pdf (20 MB)
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  • Grid Emission Factors in Cambodia (2010-2012)

    The IGES Capacity Building for the JCM, in cooperation with the National Council for Sustainable Development, decided to

    The IGES Capacity Building for the JCM, in cooperation with the National Council for Sustainable Development, decided to formulate emission factors of electricity systems for baseline in CDM projects as well as support data for the identification of reference scenario in the JCM projects for electricity systems in Cambodia, and to this end the IGES Capacity Building for the JCM held expert consultation meetings with electricity relevant authorities and companies in Cambodia. This report presents a summary of the results of the above activities.

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    GEF​-Cambodia​_2010​-2012.pdf (491 KB)
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  • Cambodia Climate Change Action Plan for Environment Sectors 2016 – 2018

    Cambodia Climate Change Action Plan for Environment Sectors 2016 – 2018

    Cambodia Climate Change Action Plan for Environment Sectors 2016 – 2018

    climate change action plan for moe 2016​-2018​-en​-final​-new.pdf (2 MB)
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  • Greater Mekong Subregion Urban Development Strategic Framework 2015–2022

    This ADB report features Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Urban Development Strategic Framework, 2015–2022. It sets

    This ADB report features Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Urban Development Strategic Framework, 2015–2022. It sets out a broad framework to encourage and facilitate a coordinated approach to the development of urban areas throughout the GMS. The framework includes three pillars: (i) planning and development of key urban areas, (ii) planning and development of border areas, and (iii) capacity development in urban planning and management. Underlying these are four crosscutting themes—green development and climate change resilience, disaster risk management, inclusive development, and competitiveness. The GMS Urban Development Strategic Framework also provides the context for ongoing and planned projects in the six GMS member countries.

    gms​-urbandev​-framework​-2015​-2022.pdf (4 MB)
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  • Economic Valuation Of Wastewater: The Cost Of Action And The Cost Of No Action

    This book presents the results of an analytical study on the economic valuation for wastewater, comparing the costof no

    This book presents the results of an analytical study on the economic valuation for wastewater, comparing the costof no action versus the cost of effective wastewater management.

    ​-Economic​_Valuation​_of​_Wastewater​_​_The​_Cost​_of​_Action​_and​_the​_Cost​_of​_No​_Action​-2015Wastewater​_Evaluation​_Report​_Mail.pdf.pdf (8 MB)
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  • Final Report of Estimating Industrial Pollution using IPPS in Lao PDR

    During 2013 and 2014, CEP supported Lao PDR’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s Pollution Cont

    During 2013 and 2014, CEP supported Lao PDR’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s Pollution Control Department to apply the the Industrial Pollution Projection System (IPPS), a model that estimates pollution intensities for different industries and can be applied to large geographic areas at relatively low effort and expense. IPPS was used to estimate pollution intensities for different industries in all 17 provinces and the results are helping the Government to identify the industries and locations to focus pollution control efforts on. Training and awareness raising events were held and a summary report was produced. The results are also being used as a key input into the development of a Pollution Control Strategy for the country, which is also being supported by CEP.

    Estimating Industrial Pollution in Lao PDR​_1.PDF (3 MB)
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  • GMS Atlas of the Environment - 2nd Edition

    Prepared for the 20th Anniversary of the GMS, this second edition of the Atlas offers a unique overview of the exquisite

    Prepared for the 20th Anniversary of the GMS, this second edition of the Atlas offers a unique overview of the exquisite beauty and diversity of the subregion’s natural environment. It also highlights the tremendous progress made by the GMS countries, as well as the need to address the increasing risks that they face. 


    Access the Atlas here.

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