Library

  • September 08, 2017
    UNESCAP

    Gender, the Environment and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

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    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development strives for more balanced development by addressing the economic, social and environmental dimensions holistically. The momentum set forth by this agenda provides an historic opportunity for reducing inequality and closing gender gaps. Gender, The Environment and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific examines the intersections between gender and the environment at the household, work, community and policy levels, particularly in the spheres of food security and agriculture, energy, water, fisheries and forestry, with a view to providing strategic entry points for policy interventions. Based on a grounded study of the reality in the Asia-Pacific region, this report assembles good practices and policy lessons that could be capitalized on to advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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    SDD​-Gender​-Environment​-report.pdf (4 MB)
  • September 07, 2017
    MRC

    Transboundary Fisheries Management Issues in the Mekong and Sekong Rivers of Cambodia and Lao PDR

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    This technical report describes priority issues for fisheries management in the Mekong and Sekong Rivers along the borders of Cambodia and Lao PDR. It cites exploitative fishing practices, habitat degradation, and lack of fisheries data and their sharing between two countries’ affected provinces as some of the key issues identified. This is a joint paper produced by the two countries under the Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project. 

    MEKONG​-SEKONG​-issue​-paper​-Final​-7​-Sep​-17​-for​-web.pdf (3 MB)
  • September 07, 2017
    MRC

    Transboundary Water Resources Management Issues in the Mekong Delta of Cambodia and Viet Nam

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    This technical report explains priority issues for the management of water resources in the Mekong Delta across Cambodia and Viet Nam. The issues identified include lack of strategic transboundary management plan of flood and drought control, uncoordinated development of water infrastructure and limited monitoring network on hydrological, meteorological and water quality data. This is a joint paper produced by the two countries under the Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project. 

    MEKONG​-DELTA​-Issue​-paper​-7​-Sep​-17​-for​-web.pdf (3 MB)
  • September 07, 2017
    MRC

    Transboundary Water Resources Management Issues in the Sesan and Srepok River Basins of Cambodia and Viet Nam

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    This technical report describes priority issues for the management of water resources in the Sesan and Srepok River Basins along the borders of Cambodia and Viet Nam. Among key issues identified are insufficient monitoring and assessment of water flow, lack of flood forecasting and warning mechanisms, and limited mitigation measures to address the impacts of hydro-infrastructural development. This is a joint paper produced by the two countries under the Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project. 

    SESAN​-SREPOK​-Issue​-paper​-Final​-7​-Sep​-18.pdf (3 MB)
  • September 01, 2017
    Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre

    Climate Metrics for Debt and Equity Portfolios: A Framework for Analysis

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    The Paris Agreement requires significantly increased efforts to reduce emissions in the short term and net zero emissions by the second half of the century. To meet the investment needs in green technologies and other emission reduction measures, both public and private financing is required at scale and needs to be applied in a mutually enhancing way. The transformation will include alternative sources of financing since long-term loans becomes scare after the financial crisis.  For the success of the transformation, it is therefore important that investments are compatible with long-term climate protection scenarios.

    The report contributes by providing a conceptual framework of mapping climate metrics. The conceptual framework includes an inventory of existing metrics and classifies them according to two dimensions. As such, it helps to detect what kind of additional climate metrics are still required. Thus it is extending the notion about key design principles for climate metrics. In addition, the report contributes to that debate whether the influence of equity investors on ecological business strategy is bigger than the influence of debt investors as it develops a framework to reflect the consequences of the different positions. The report provides a numerical illustration of a number of the design characteristics that have been introduced and also includes a dynamic perspective in the light of the debate whether to account for debt and equity in a different way. The application of the framework to five hypothetical portfolios supports that equity and debt should not be treated fundamentally different.

    seimetrics201709finalreport.pdf (1 MB)
  • September 01, 2017
    ADB

    Improving Lives of Rural Communities Through Developing Small Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

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    Case studies highlight experiences of six pilot projects on the development of small hybrid renewable energy systems in Asian rural areas and small isolated islands.

    Despite significant economic growth in Asia in recent decades, millions of people in rural Asia still lack access to electricity. A project has been implemented to develop small hybrid renewable energy systems in these areas. 

    This publication highlights the experiences of these pilot projects in five developing member countries. It provides technical guidance and recommendations for the deployment of similar systems in minigrids in remote rural locations and small isolated islands to achieve access to electricity and energy efficiency.

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    improving​-lives​-rural​-communities​-renewable​-energy.pdf (3 MB)
  • September 01, 2017
    ADB

    Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2017

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    The Key Indicators presents the latest statistics on a comprehensive set of economic, financial, social, environmental, and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators for the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank. It is designed to serve as a resource for information on development issues across the region for a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public.

    A key component of this year’s report is a summary of findings from three pilot household surveys to support the development of standardized methods and guidelines for collecting sex-disaggregated data on asset ownership.

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    key​-indicators​-2017.pdf (6 MB)
  • September 01, 2017
    ADB

    Myanmar Energy Consumption Surveys

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    Results of household energy consumption surveys conducted in 2014 provide a more accurate picture of historical energy consumption in Myanmar by fuel source.

    Myanmar has one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, yet its potential is severely constrained by limited energy infrastructure. The limited availability of modern energy services and infrastructure has resulted in Myanmar having one of the lowest per capita energy consumption rates in the world.

    A household energy consumption survey in 11 regions across Myanmar shows that firewood is mainly used for cooking (73%) and candles and torches for lighting (65%), followed by electricity for cooking (13%) and battery for lighting (17%) while the demand for modern energy sources is rapidly increasing. This report presents the results of household energy consumption surveys conducted in 2014 that helped develop a more accurate picture of historical energy consumption by fuel source. This publication shares the survey results, considering the scarcity of available energy data and statistics in Myanmar especially at the household level. The data herein may prove useful in making more informed decisions by those involved in Myanmar’s energy and social sectors.

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    myanmar​-energy​-consumption​-surveys.pdf (3 MB)
  • September 01, 2017
    ADB

    Trade Facilitation and Better Connectivity for an Inclusive Asia and Pacific

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    This publication investigates the evolution of trade costs, and reviews the state of play of trade facilitation and paperless trade in Asia and the Pacific.

    Trade facilitation increases trade flows, lowers trade cost, and ultimately contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth. This publication, jointly prepared by the Asian Development Bank and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, reviews the state of play of trade facilitation and paperless trade in Asia and the Pacific. It investigates the evolution of trade costs in the region, examines trade facilitation and paperless trade implementation, and highlights the key initiatives and efforts in Central Asia, the Greater Mekong Subregion, South Asia, and the Pacific. It includes impact assessments of trade facilitation implementation and corridor performance on reducing trade costs and increasing trade.

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    trade​-facilitation​-connectivity.pdf (4 MB)
  • August 01, 2017
    ADB

    Catalyzing Green Finance: A Concept for Leveraging Blended Finance for Green Development

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    This publication describes an innovative financing solution for enhancing both financially bankable as well as environmentally sustainable infrastructure projects. A large financing need challenges climate-adjusted infrastructure in developing Asia, estimated at $26 trillion till 2030. This necessitates crowding-in private sources to meet financing, efficiency, and technology gaps. However, a lack of bankable projects is a major hurdle. This publication suggests one possible innovative financing approach. The Green Finance Catalyzing Facility (GFCF) proposes a blended finance framework for governments and development entities to better leverage development funds for risk mitigation, generate a pipeline of bankable green infrastructure projects, and directly catalyze private finance. The GFCF provides useful inputs for the current debate on mainstreaming green finance into country financial systems.

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    catalyzing​-green​-finance.pdf (9 MB)